Apply Knowledge of Muscle Anatomy and Physiology

The Pop Quiz below contains 3 questions from the following knowledge area of the CSCS exam. Failure to correctly answer questions may suggest an area that needs further review.

Exercise Sciences

A. Apply Knowledge of Muscle Anatomy and Physiology

  1. Muscle anatomy (muscle group names, specific, muscle names, muscle fiber/cell structures, etc)
  2. Muscular dynamics involved during movement patterns (e.g., sliding filament theory, type of muscle action)

When answering the questions, please choose the “Best” answer.

1. Each muscle fiber is surrounded by a connective tissue called?


2. What is released from the sarcoplasmic reticulum into the myofibril, causing tension development in a muscle?


3. What type of muscular contraction occurs in the pectoralis major during the slow, controlled, downward phase of a bench press?